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Counseling Treatments & Therapies

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT)

ACT (developed by Steven C. Hayes, Kelly G. Wilson, and Kirk Strosahl) is a empirically based psychological intervention that uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies, together with commitment and behavior change strategies, to increase psychological flexibility. Through metaphor, paradox, and experiential exercises clients learn how to make healthy contact with thoughts, feelings, memories, and physical sensations that have been feared and avoided. Clients gain the skills to recontextualize and accept these private events, develop greater clarity about personal values, and commit to needed behavior change.  ACT has been adapted for use in the treatment of eating disorders.

Hailey Shaughnessy

Bio Acoustical Utilization Device (BAUD)

The BAUD, or Bio Acoustical Utilization Device, is a new and powerful neuromodulation therapy tool invented by Dr. Frank Lawlis, a pioneer in the field of medical psychology. The BAUD can quickly stimulate neural plasticity, the brain's innate ability to change, and see immediate results.  Using a simple technique that includes tuning and listening to special sound frequencies through the BAUD's earphones, you can actually affect neural activity deep within the brain. You can quiet the over-active neural pathways that are the real source of problems like an out-of-control appetite or a mind obsessed with worry. This same technology has been used in neurofeedback by doctors to treat serious disorders like depression, phobias, substance abuse, OCD and ADHD. The BAUD is effective in three main categories of problems: emotional issues, urges or impulses, and physical symptoms like pain.

Hailey Shaughnessy

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. The focus of therapy is on how you are thinking, behaving, and communicating today rather than on your early childhood experiences. The therapist assists the patient in identifying specific distortions and biases in thinking and provides guidance on how to change this thinking.  Cognitive therapy helps the patient learn effective self-help skills that are used in homework assignments that help you change the way you think, feel and behave.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy & Katherine Walsh

Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)

CPT is a cognitive-behavioral treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). CPT was developed in the late 1980s and has been shown to be effective in reducing PTSD symptoms related to a variety of traumatic events including child abuse, combat, rape and natural disasters. CPT is generally delivered over 12 sessions and helps patients learn how to challenge and modify unhelpful beliefs related to the trauma. In so doing, the patient creates a new understanding and conceptualization of the traumatic event so that it reduces its ongoing negative effects on current life. CPT is endorsed by the U.S. Departments of Veterans Affairs and Defense, as well as the International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies, as a best practice for the treatment of PTSD.

Kristen Johnson, & Hailey Shaughnessy

Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT)

CRT is a treatment method with the goal of helping an individual improve their memory, attention, organizational skills, and information processing. It is particularly helpful in combating rigid thinking in eating disorders. CRT was first developed by Professors Gerard Hogarty and Samuel Flesher who worked for the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. When combined with other proven methods of psychotherapy, CRT can complete the whole person care approach and help an individual make a strong recovery from their disorder.

Hailey Shaughnessy

Exposure and Response Prevention Therapy (ERP)

ERP is a component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and considered the “treatment of choice” for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Also useful for treating other mental health conditions, such as phobias, panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorders and social anxieties. This method gradually exposes a patient to feared thoughts, images or impulses and outcome studies show its effectiveness in reducing anxiety and distress over time.

Hailey Shaughnessy

​Expressive Arts Therapy

Expressive Arts Therapy, also known as creative arts therapy, is the use of the creative arts as a form of therapy. Unlike traditional art expression, the process of creation is emphasized rather than the final product. Expressive therapy is predicated on the assumption that people can heal through use of imagination and the various forms of creative expression. Expressive arts therapy is the practice of using imagery, storytelling, dance, music, drama, poetry, movement, horticulture, dreamwork, and visual arts together, in an integrated way, to foster human growth, development, and healing. It is about reclaiming our innate capacity as human beings for creative expression of our individual and collective human experience in artistic form.

Katherine Walsh

Family -Based Treatment for Eating Disorders (FBT)

FBT, sometimes referred to as the Maudsley method, is a leading treatment for adolescent eating disorders including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other specified feeding or eating disorders. It is delivered in an outpatient setting. FBT takes an agnostic view of the eating disorder, meaning therapists do not try to analyze why the eating disorder developed and do not blame families for the disorder. The clinicians at the Maudsley Hospital in London, England, conceived a very different form of family therapy, treating parents as a resource, not a source of harm. Dr. Daniel Le Grange (University of California in San Francisco) and Dr. James Lock (Stanford University) developed the model in a manual titled Family-Based Treatment. Le Grange and Lock have established the Training Institute for Child and Adolescent Eating Disorders, which trains therapists in this treatment. Research has shown that adolescents who receive FBT recover at higher rates than adolescents who receive individual or inpatient therapy. This therapy has also been adapted for adults with eating disorders, Maudsley Model of Anorexia Treatment for Adults (MANTRA).

Hailey Shaughnessy

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

MBCT is a clinically proven therapy for reducing stress and anxiety, and preventing relapses in those who suffer from depression. It combines the practice of mindfulness meditation with the practical skills of cognitive therapy. Mindfulness is a non-judgmental way of paying attention in the present moment, and leads to increased personal awareness and clarity. Cognitive therapy is designed to interrupt thought patterns that lead to depressive and anxious spirals. The program was originally developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams and John Teasdale.

Hailey Shaughnessy

Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT)

MB-EAT, developed by Jean Kristeller, and supported by NIH-funded research, addresses mindless and stress-related eating, disordered eating patterns, and obesity.  MB-EAT employs mindfulness meditation, eating exercises, didactic instruction, and self-reflection to cultivate awareness and a more balanced and positive relationship to eating and weight. 

Hailey Shaughnessy

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

MBSR is a mindfulness-based program designed to assist people with pain and a range of conditions and life issues that were initially difficult to treat in a hospital setting. It uses a combination of mindfulness meditation, body awareness, and yoga to help people become more mindful and was developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. In recent years, meditation has been the subject of controlled clinical research. This suggests it may have beneficial effects, including stress reduction, relaxation, and improvements to quality of life, but that it does not help prevent or cure disease.

Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Motivational Interviewing (MI)

MI is a counseling approach developed by clinical psychologists Professor William R Miller, Ph.D. and Professor Stephen Rollnick, Ph.D. MI recognizes and accepts the fact that clients who need to make changes in their lives approach counseling at different levels of readiness to change their behavior.  MI is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial. The approach attempts to increase the client's awareness of the potential problems caused, consequences experienced, and risks faced as a result of the behavior in question. Alternately, therapists help clients envision a better future, and become increasingly motivated to achieve it.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Narrative Therapy

Narrative therapy is different in that it encourages the person to be their own individual and to use their own skill set to address the problem and also to minimize the tiny problems in day-to-day life. The idea of narrative therapy is that in life, people create personal stories that help them identify who they are and also that they possess the proper tools to navigate their lives. The point of narrative therapy is to help clarify, develop and support the narrator in life and help guide their journey.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology, pioneered by Martin Seligman, is the scientific study of the strengths that enable individuals and communities to thrive. The field is founded on the belief that people want to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, to cultivate what is best within themselves, and to enhance their experiences of love, work, and play. Positive Psychology holds the fundamental notion that everyone has a personal strengths profile and regardless of weakness, an individual's greatest opportunity for fulfillment, growth and success lies in the identification, development and application of their key strengths.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Rapid Resolution Therapy® (RRT)

RRT is a form of clinical hypnotherapy.  “RRT eliminates emotional pain and destructive behavioral patterns and completely resolves the psychological and physiological effects of trauma.  RRT works with the understanding that the subconscious controls emotions, desires, memory, habits, thoughts, dreams and automatic responses. One may consciously understand the value of eliminating problematic emotions, thoughts or behaviors but unless the subconscious mind is reached, enduring change is unlikely. By engaging the subconscious mind and eliminating the ongoing influence from troubling past events, blocked energy is released, healing takes place, and change is automatic. Negative habits and painful emotions are replaced by positive actions and feelings of well-being.”  RRT was founded and developed by Dr. Jon Connelly. Information obtained at

Kristen Johnson & Hailey Shaughnessy

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

REBT, created by Albert Ellis in the 1950's, is based on the premise that whenever we become upset, it is not the events taking place in our lives that upset us; it is the beliefs that we hold that cause us to become depressed, anxious, enraged, etc.  REBT referrs to these as irrational beliefs.  The goal of REBT is to help people change their irrational beliefs into rational beliefs. REBT therapists strive to help their clients develop acceptance.  The three types of acceptance in REBT are: (1) unconditional self-acceptance; (2) unconditional other-acceptance; and (3) unconditional life-acceptance.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Rogerian Person-centered Therapy

Rogerian Person-centered Therapy was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers. Person-centered therapy seeks to facilitate a client's self-actualizing tendency, "an inbuilt proclivity toward growth and fulfillment", via acceptance, therapist congruence, and empathic understanding. Rogers ascribed individual personal experience as the basis for therapeutic effect. Rogers identified six conditions which are needed to produce personality changes in clients: relationship, vulnerability to anxiety (on the part of the client), genuineness (the therapist is truly himself or herself and incorporates some self-disclosure), the client's perception of the therapist's genuineness, the therapist's unconditional positive regard for the client, and accurate empathy.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Solution-focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)

SFBT is an approach to psychotherapy based on solution-building rather than problem-solving. It was developed by Steve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg, and their colleagues beginning in the late 1970s at the Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee. SFBT explores current resources and future hopes rather than present problems and past causes and typically involves only three to five sessions. It has great value as a preliminary and often sufficient intervention and can be used safely as an adjunct to other treatments.

Kristen Johnson, Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy​ (TF-CBT)

TF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents impacted by trauma and their parents or caregivers. It is a components-based treatment model that incorporates trauma-sensitive interventions with cognitive behavioral, family, and humanistic principles and techniques. TF-CBT has proved successful with children and adolescents (ages 3 to 18) who have significant emotional problems (e.g., symptoms of PTSD, fear, anxiety, or depression) related to traumatic life events. It can be used with children and adolescents who have experienced a single trauma or multiple traumas in their lives.

Kristen Johnson, & Hailey Shaughnessy


Studies show that not only are your mental health and mood dependent in large part on physical factors like exercise, but also unchecked stress, anxiety and depression can affect physical health, increasing blood pressure, heart disease and even risk of death. Yoga helps a client tap into their inner wisdom and reduce suffering. Operating under the assumption that your body is a repository for all life’s experiences, both positive and negative, yoga gently opens tensely held parts of the body so pent-up feelings, fears and resistances are revealed and transformed. When combined with traditional psychotherapy or counseling, yoga can be highly successful in reducing the symptoms of: grief, eating disorders, addictions, PTSD, sexual abuse, stress, and phobias.

Hailey Shaughnessy Katherine Walsh

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